Polish literature

Jestem wprost bez tchu Your beauty is clearly intimidating Would you care to honour me with your precious time and charming company? The skies are pale compared to the color of your eyes – Niebo blednie wobec barwy Pani oczu Will you marry me? Polish Pick-up Lines Careful how and when you uses these! Have you been here before? Where do you live? Can I hold your hand?

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Answered Traditional Festivals in Krakow Hardly a month passes in Krakow without some time-honored occasion for common festivities or colorful celebration. The following are just most popular ones. Christmas and notably the following holiday on December 26 are traditionally occasions in Poland for visiting friends and relatives.

I will pick you up at six.

History[ edit ] The history of Wawel is deeply intertwined with the history of the Polish lands and Polish royal dynasties already in the Middle Ages. As the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth formed and grew, Wawel became the seat of one of Europe’s most important states. This status was only lost when the capital was moved to Warsaw in the 17th century designated officially in From the late 18th century, when Poland lost its independence during the period of foreign partitions , Wawel became a symbol of an enduring nation and was the setting for demonstrations and gatherings of Cracovians protesting against the continuing foreign occupation by the Austrian , Prussian , and the Russian empires.

Thus, the significance of the Wawel hill comes in part from its combination of political and religious significance. The Cathedral holds the relics of St. The Hill has a long history of religious functions; some of the oldest extant architectural remains are those of the Rotunda of the Virgin Mary. The hill which takes the form of a horst originated in the Miocene epoch 23—25 million years ago and consists of Jurassic limestone dating back to the Oxfordian age — million years ago.

This limestone is strongly karsted and abounds in caves e. An alternative theory is that the word means ‘protrusion from the marshes’ which surrounded the hill. Archeological studies suggest that the earliest settlement dates back to the Middle Paleolithic era, c. Wawel is believed to be one of the strongholds of the Vistulan tribe which formed a nation at the turn of the 8th and 9th century AD.

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The viola organista’s strings are played in the same way as a cello. The inside of its lid is a deep raspberry inscribed with a Latin quote in gold leaf by 12th-century German nun, mystic and philosopher, Saint Hildegard. You will now receive updates from Entertainment Newsletter Entertainment Newsletter Get the latest news and updates emailed straight to your inbox.

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En suite bathrooms are always equipped in towels, shampoo, soap and hair dryer. For our guests disposal there is also a beautiful common room with balcony where breakfast is served every morning. Free Wi-Fi is available in the entire building. Guests can make use of the nearby secure car park that is next to the Wyspianski Hotel. Our aim is to provide you with a service that is both personal and a professional, ensuring that you are delighted with both your accommodation in Krakow.

And there is no elevator so I had drag my suitcase to sixth floor but I managed. Breakfast was better than usually in these kind of places. In the picture is the room we were staying I just loved it. Eija P Kirkkonummi, Finland This is a lovely guesthouse, very close to main square minutes , with friendly staff, really lovely rooms and bathroom. I honestly felt I was in a five star hotel.

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Today, this house of royalty located right on the main square, has been transformed into a hotel suited for royalty, with eight spacious, exclusive rooms and six apartments, the crowning achievement of which is the magnificent “Bonerowski Apartment”, an exquisite flat fit for a king. Pure elegance and royal service await at the Bonerowski Palace Hotel. Private Off Site Parking, For best price deals The coffee and tea at breakfast could have been better though.

The best examples of Polish literature of that period imply a building and maintaining of high literary standards.

The Polish national literature holds an exceptional position in Poland. Poland acquired a literary language in Latin when it became a Christian land in the 10th century. When Mieszko I, prince of Poland, accepted Christianity in , he invited Roman Catholic priests from western Europe to build churches and monasteries as religious and cultural centres. In these centres Latin was the official language of the church, and it eventually became the language of early Polish literature.

Thereafter literature in the Polish language was slow to emerge. These two works parallel similar achievements in western Europe. Use of the vernacular was allowed by the church where Latin could not meet particular needs—in prayers, sermons, and songs. Early secular literature Secular works began to appear in the middle of the 15th century.

There was a poem criticizing the papacy c. The medieval period of Polish literature lasted long.

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With new flights, moving history and modern buzz, Krakow is not just about stag weekends — it makes a sophisticated city break option. For too long Krakow has had a reputation for attracting crowds of soon-to-be-tied-down gentlemen on stag weekends. During the Second World War, the Nazis decided they rather liked Krakow, so made it their home in a country whose population they wished to exterminate.

While the rest of Poland was bombed, the old city was preserved. Next Tuesday, January 27, also marks the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz concentration camp, about an hour from the city. Fortunately, Poland today is a happier place.

The paten and the chalice, buried with the bishop, were later exhumed from his tomb.

Name of Poland The origin of the name Poland derives from the West Slavic tribe of Polans Polanie that inhabited the Warta River basin of the historic Greater Poland region starting in the 6th century. The origin of the name Polanie itself derives from the early Slavic word pole field. In some languages, such as Hungarian, Lithuanian, Persian and Turkish, the exonym for Poland is Lechites Lechici , which derives from the name of a semi-legendary ruler of Polans, Lech I.

The ethnicity and linguistic affiliation of these groups have been hotly debated; the time and route of the original settlement of Slavic peoples in these regions lacks written records and can only be defined as fragmented. The Slavic groups who would form Poland migrated to these areas in the second half of the 5th century AD.

Up until the creation of Mieszko’s state and his subsequent conversion to Christianity in AD, the main religion of Slavic tribes that inhabited the geographical area of present-day Poland was Slavic paganism. However, the transition from paganism was not a smooth and instantaneous process for the rest of the population as evident from the pagan reaction of the s.

Poland’s first historically documented ruler, Mieszko I , accepted Christianity with the Baptism of Poland in , as the new official religion of his subjects. The bulk of the population converted in the course of the next few centuries. The significance of the event was documented by Gallus Anonymus in his chronicle.

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External security, constitutional consolidation, and the Reformation contributed to this flowering.

Polish literature

Today, it is commemorated on the lower slopes of the Wawel Hill where by the river, is a modern fire-breathing metal statue of the dragon.

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Renaissance period 15th to 17th centuries [ edit ] Wawel Castle[ edit ] The reign of the last member of the Jagiellonian dynasty , Sigismund I Stary literally:

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